Learn C Computer Language Basics |pre-proccessing in c programming

preprocessor in c

Pre-Processor in C


The preprocessor in c programming tutorial is a part of the compiler which performs basic preparatory operations (conditionally compiling code, including files, etc...) in a code before the compiler starts compiling. These transformations are lexical, meaning that the output of the preprocessor is still in form of text.

The basic compilation of every C program is passed through a Preprocessor. The Preprocessor tries to find out specific instruction throughout the whole C program which are called Preprocessor directives that it can understand. Preprocessor directives always begin with the # (hash) symbol. C++ compilers use the same C preprocessor..

The preprocessor is usually use to include another file in C language:
#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
{
printf("Hello World!\n");
return 0;
}
The preprocessor replaces the line #include <stdio.h> with the text of the file 'stdio.h', which then defines the scanf() or printf() function among other data.

Some of the advantages of preprocessor in c programming language includes:
Easier programs development
easier to read,
easier to modify
C code more transportable between different processor architectures.

Preprocessor directives:

These preprocessor directives of c programming go on only across a single line of code until a newline character is found where the preprocessor directive ends. Note that Semicolon (;) will be always absent at the end of the directives. The only way a preprocessor directive can extend through more than one line is by preceding the newline character at the end of the line by a backslash (\).
Some of the preprocessor directive in C programming language are given below:
#include
#define
#undef
#if
#ifdef
#ifndef
#error
__FILE__
__LINE__
__DATE__
__TIME__
__TIMESTAMP__
pragma
# macro operator
## macro operator

To define preprocessor directive we can use #define.
The syntax is:

#define identifier replacement

Example:

1 #define TABLE_SIZE 100
2 int table1[TABLE_SIZE];
3 int table2[TABLE_SIZE];

int table2[TABLE_SIZE];

After the preprocessing ,the preprocessor replaces TABLE_SIZE, so the code becomes equivalent to:

1 . int table1[100];
2 . int table2[100];



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C Programming Modules

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1 . History Of C programming Language

2 . Data Types

3 . Variables & Constants

4 . Operators & Expressions

5 . Decision Making

6 . Loops

7 . Arrays

8 . Functions

9 . Pointers

10 . String Handling

11 . File Handlings

12 . Storage Classes

13 . Preprocessing

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